The Immigration Rules Points Based System “The rules governing the PBS are set out in the Immigration Rules and the appendices to those rules. These provisions have now achieved a degree of complexity which even the Byzantine Emperors would have envied.” – Lord Justice Jackson in Pokhriyal  EWCA Civ 1568. As can be…
Here at Augustine Clement we believe that all clients should be fully informed with the procedure relating to their immigration application every step of the way. We strive to provide information to our clients that is clear, concise and instructive. With this in mind we have produced the following short guide to allow clients to…
Zambia has undergone another wave of political change with significant implications for its economy and in particular, the investment climate. Michael Sata leader of the political party Patriotic the presidential elections on 23rd September 2011, ousting Rupiah Banda as president and ending 20 years of political control by the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy, MMD.
Parties to a contract containing an arbitration clause are sometimes confronted with the dilemma of seeking to enforce or resist the enforcement of an arbitration clause where the main contract is unenforceable for one reason of the other. This article addresses this issue and seeks to give readers a brief insight into how the national courts have sought to resolve this issue.
The Bribery Act 2010 was given Royal Assent in April 2010 and will come into force on 1 July 2011.
The act makes it an offence for a United Kingdom (UK) citizen or resident to pay or receive a bribe, either directly or indirectly. The act provides for transactions that take place in the UK and abroad, and both in the public and private sectors. Companies and partnerships can also commit an offence where a bribe has been paid on their behalf by an associate. Associates include employees, agents and other persons providing services on behalf of the corporate entity. However, it is a defence to have adequate procedures in place to prevent bribery.
Being the most populous black country in the world, with a growing economic strength, Nigeria is in a pivotal position to becoming the lead country in Africa in terms of inward investment.
As the world is fast turning into a global village where international commerce and international trade relations is being carried out across state boundaries, it is inevitable that there would be disputes and disagreements arising out of contractual relations between private and corporate investors, as well as between States. Litigation has always been the traditional means of dispute resolution for private, domestic or international conflict. Unfortunately, the underlying nature of litigation is adversarial and this has led to a breakdown of relations between litigants. Innovative means of resolving disputes have been recommended and developed, in a bid to maintain international trade relations and encourage investors across state boundaries and as a result international commercial arbitration has since rapidly become the favoured option for such parties.
The repeal of the statutory dispute resolution procedures on 6 April 2009 means that an employers procedural failures in carrying out a dismissal procedure no longer result in the dismissal being deemed automatically unfair. From now on, most dismissal procedures will be subject to the new Acas Code of Practice on Discipline and Grievance.
The issue before the CA was whether someone who is ribbed or teased â€“ or tormented â€“ by “homophobic banter” (the phrase used in this case) is or may be thereby harassed within the meaning of Regulation 5 when (a) he is not gay, (b) he is not perceived or assumed to be gay by his fellow workers, and (c) he accepts that they do not believe him to be gay. English â€“v- Thomas Sanderson Ltd