The Bribery Act 2010 was given Royal Assent in April 2010 and will come into force on 1 July 2011.
The act makes it an offence for a United Kingdom (UK) citizen or resident to pay or receive a bribe, either directly or indirectly. The act provides for transactions that take place in the UK and abroad, and both in the public and private sectors. Companies and partnerships can also commit an offence where a bribe has been paid on their behalf by an associate. Associates include employees, agents and other persons providing services on behalf of the corporate entity. However, it is a defence to have adequate procedures in place to prevent bribery.
Being the most populous black country in the world, with a growing economic strength, Nigeria is in a pivotal position to becoming the lead country in Africa in terms of inward investment.
As the world is fast turning into a global village where international commerce and international trade relations is being carried out across state boundaries, it is inevitable that there would be disputes and disagreements arising out of contractual relations between private and corporate investors, as well as between States. Litigation has always been the traditional means of dispute resolution for private, domestic or international conflict. Unfortunately, the underlying nature of litigation is adversarial and this has led to a breakdown of relations between litigants. Innovative means of resolving disputes have been recommended and developed, in a bid to maintain international trade relations and encourage investors across state boundaries and as a result international commercial arbitration has since rapidly become the favoured option for such parties.
The repeal of the statutory dispute resolution procedures on 6 April 2009 means that an employers procedural failures in carrying out a dismissal procedure no longer result in the dismissal being deemed automatically unfair. From now on, most dismissal procedures will be subject to the new Acas Code of Practice on Discipline and Grievance.
The issue before the CA was whether someone who is ribbed or teased â€“ or tormented â€“ by “homophobic banter” (the phrase used in this case) is or may be thereby harassed within the meaning of Regulation 5 when (a) he is not gay, (b) he is not perceived or assumed to be gay by his fellow workers, and (c) he accepts that they do not believe him to be gay. English â€“v- Thomas Sanderson Ltd
The Chancellor of the Exchequer has announced, in the Budget for 2009, an increase in the limit on a week’s pay for the purpose of calculating statutory redundancy payments from £350 to £380. However, it is not clear when the increase will take effect. This will increase the cost of redundancy somewhat, where the business…
The effective date of termination can be the date of an act demonstrating a clear intention to terminate employment. In the circumstances of the case, stopping the employee’s pay while he was suspended was a sufficiently unequivocal statement of such an intention. Radecki v Kirklees Metropolitan Borough Council.
Did you enter into a contract in the good old days of economic boom and have now found the terms onerous and expensive? For a number of reasons, changing economic prospects being just one of many, you may wish to consider terminating a contractual relationship you have entered into in the good times.
â€œCharities lose faith and hope as funding crisis leaves them with Â£2.3bn black holeâ€, with headlines such as this, one can begin to appreciate the enormity of the funding crises in the not-for-profit sector.Â